What are cognitive skills?

Cognitive Skills are the progressive building of learning skills, such as attention, memory and thinking. These crucial skills enable children to process sensory information and eventually learn to evaluate, analyze, remember, make comparisons as well as understand cause and effect. Cognitive skills are the core skills your brain uses to think, read, learn, remember, reason, and pay attention. Working together, they take incoming information and move it into the bank of knowledge you use every day at school, at work, and in life

 4 Stages of cognitive formation:

0 -2 years old

SENSORIMOTOR LEARNING: A child learns from sensory experience of the world around them.

2 years – 7 years

PREOPERATIONAL LEARNING: A child begins to have an imagination, problem solves, understands concrete ideas, as well as recognize symbols such as letters and signs.

7 years – 11 years

CONCRETE LEARNING: Children begin to understand things outside of themselves. This is when empathy and the understanding of others feelings, and how their actions affect others.

11 years to Older

FORMAL LEARNING: This is when children and people begin to consider the past and future. They use logic and creativity to solve problems, begin to recognize the greater world around them, and plan for the future.